Throughout the year 2015, civil society organizations (‘CSOs’) in the Western Balkans and Turkey operated in a relatively stable and unchanged environment compared to 2014 and 2013. The political calamities, coupled with the rise of citizen unrest and the refugee crisis in the Enlargement countries left little room for improvements of the environment for civil society development. Worrisome are the steps made in several countries in adopting new or amending the existing basic CSO framework laws in the direction of backsliding and restricting civic space for CSOs and citizens.