The promotion of women’s and children’s health represents an ongoing global challenge. Despite the major advances in medicine and technology, every year more than 300.000 women throughout the world die from maternal reasons while 8 millions suffer due to complications related to childbirth. 45% of all newborn deaths occur during childbirth, while millions of children suffer from consequences of birth trauma. Health indicators related to mother’s and children’s health show significant inequalities, not only among regions or countries, but also within.