The transition that followed Macedonia’s independence in 1991 radically altered the social status of the entire population. It increased the gap between women and men, both in terms of social status, opportunities and access to available resources in society. As a result, the Macedonian labor market presently puts women at a serious disadvantage compared to men. Today, one in two woman participates in the work force, compared to two in three men and only one in three women are employed, compared to one in two men.