The legal and political context in Macedonia before and after the signing of the Ohrid Framework Agreement (OFA), the nature of the agreement itself, and its influence on the ethnic relations in Macedonia have been the focus of many academic and expert studies. Following the ethnic conflict in 2001, OFA was signed by representatives of the four biggest political parties and the president of the state, and it reflected the aspirations of ethnic Albanians for greater inclusion in decision-making and public life. In turn, its signing excluded the representatives of the
small(er) communities.